Nero in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
The fifth Roman emperor, born at Antium December 15, 37 AD,
began to reign October 13, 54, died June 9, 68.
I. Name, Parentage and Early Training.
His name was originally Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus but
after his adoption into the Claudian gens by the emperor
Claudius, he became Nero Claudius Caesar Germanicus. His
father was Enaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus ("Brazen-beard"), a
man sprung from an illustrious family and of vicious
character. His mother was Agrippina the younger, the
daughter of Germanicus and the elder Agrippina, sister of
the emperor Caius (Caligula) and niece of the emperor
Claudius. On the birth of the child, his father predicted,
amid the congratulations of his friends, that any offspring
of himself and Agrippina could only prove abominable and
disastrous for the public (Suet. Nero vi: detestabile et
malo publico). At the age of three the young Domitius lost
his father and was robbed of his estates by the rapacity of
Caius. In 39 his mother was banished for supposed complicity
in a plot against Caius. Nero was thus deprived of his
mother and at the same time left almost penniless. His aunt,
Domitia Lepida, now undertook the care of the boy and placed
him with two tutors, a dancer and a barber (Suetonius vi).
On the accession of Claudius, Agrippina was recalled, and
Nero was restored to his mother and his patrimony (41 AD)...