Naaman in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. A son, i.e. grandson, of Benjamin (Genesis 46:21; Numbers
26:40; 1 Chronicles 8:4); reckoned in the Genesis genealogy
as a "son" because he became head of a distinct family, the
Naamites. Came down to Egypt with Jacob.
2. Naaman the Syrian (2 Kings 5). Identified by
Jewish tradition (Josephus, Ant. 8:15, section 5) with the
archer (1 Kings 22:34) who drew his bow at a venture, and
wounding Ahab mortally was Jehovah's instrument in "giving
deliverance to Syria." Benhadad therefore promoted him to be
captain of the Syrian host and the lord in waiting nearest
his person, on whose arm the king leant in entering Rimmon's
temple (compare 2 Kings 7:2; 2 Kings 7:17). "But (for all
earthly greatness has its drawbacks) he was a leper,"
afflicted with white leprosy (2 Kings 5:27). (For the rest,
see ELISHA.) The case of Naaman was designed by God to shame
Israel out of their half-heartedness toward Jehovah by a
witness for Him the most unlikely. God's sovereign grace,
going beyond Israel and its many lepers to heal the Gentile
Naaman, Jesus makes to be His justification for His not
doing as many miracles in His own country as He had done in
Capernaum, an earnest of the kingdom of God passing from
Israel to the Gentiles; Luke the physician (Luke 4:23-27)
appropriately is the evangelist who alone records it.