Mount Hor in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. The mount in which Aaron died (Numbers 20:22-23; Numbers
20:25-28). An archaic form of har, "mountain." The only
instance in which the proper name comes first, "Hor the
mountain," the mount upon the mountain. It "rises like a
huge castellated building from a lower base" (Stanley, Sinai
and Israel, 86). Now Jebel Harun" by the coast (or
'edge') of the land of Edom" (Numbers 33:37-38). On the E.
side of the Arabah, close to Petra. The white chalk summit
rises on a dark red sandstone bore rock, 5,300 feet above
the Mediterranean. On the northernmost of its two summits is
shown a square building with dome, called the tomb of Aaron.
A flight of steps cut in the rock leads up a precipice to
it. The roof is decorated with ostrich shells and such like
It is an ordinary Moslem weh; over the door is an
inscription stating that the building was restored by Es
Shimani, son of Mohammed Calain, sultan of Egypt, by his
father's orders, in the year 739 of the Hegira; square
almost, 28 ft. by 33 ft., having two chambers one above the
other. The host encamped in the Arabah below at Moseroth
(Numbers 33:30), or Mosera (Deuteronomy 10:6). (See AARON.)
His death resembled Moses' in being on a mountain, but
differed from it in being in the presence of Moses and
Eleazar on the mount to which they ascended "in the sight of
all the congregation." Moses' death was in solitude, but
with Gilead's heights, and Benjamin's hills, and the rich
Jordan valley in view; whereas Aaron's last looks rested on
rugged Edom, and chalky mount Seir, and the red sandstone
rocks round Petra, and the dreary Arabah.
2. The name Hor is applied to the whole western
crest of Lebanon, 80 miles long from the E. of Sidon to the
entering in of Hamath (Kalat el Husn close to Hums, i.e.
ancient Hamath); the northern boundary appointed to Israel