Metrodōrus in Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898)

(Μητρόδωρος). A name of several Greek philosophers, the most important of whom was a native of Lampsacus or Athens, an Epicurean philosopher, and the most distinguished of the disciples of Epicurus, with whom he lived on terms of the closest friendship. He died 277, in the fiftythird year of his age, seven years before Epicurus, who would have appointed him his successor had he survived him. The philosophy of Metrodorus appears to have been of a more grossly sensual kind than that of Epicurus. Perfect happiness he made to consist in having a well-constituted body. He found fault with his brother Timocrates for not admitting that the stomach was the test and measure of every thing that pertained to a happy life. He was the author of several works, quoted by the ancient writers. Another Metrodorus, of Scepsis, was raised to a position of great influence and trust by Mithridates Eupator, being appointed supreme judge without appeal even to the king. Subsequently he was led to abandon his allegiance, when sent by Mithridates on an embassy to Tigranes, king of Armenia. Tigranes sent him back to Mithridates, but he died on the road. According to some accounts he was despatched by order of the king; according to others he died of disease. In consequence of his hostility to the Romans he was surnamed "the Roman-hater" (Cic. De Orat. ii. 88, 360; Strabo, p. 609).

Read More