Maximianus Herculius in Roman Biography
Max-im'i-an, [Fr. Maximien, maVse'me-i.N' ; Lat.
Maximia'nus,] or, more fully, Mar'cus Vale'rius
Maximia'nus, a Roman emperor, born in Pannonia,
was the son of a peasant. He had obtained high rank in
the army when Diocletian, in 286 A.D., adopted him as
his colleague in the empire. In the division of the empire,
Italy and Africa were assigned to Maximian. In
305 Diocletian and Maximian formally abdicated in
favour of Galerius and Constantius Chlorns. The next
year he joined his son Maxentius in an effort to recover
power, and was proclaimed emperor. In the war that
ensued between hiin and Constantine he was taken
prisoner, and executed in 310. (See Maxentius.)
See Gibbon, "Dec'ine and Fall of the Roman Empire ;" Tille-
" Histoire des Empereurs."