Mars the Roman God of War

In ancient Roman religion, Mars was the god of war. He was considered to be the second most important Roman deity, Jupiter was the 'chief.' It was also believed that Romulus, the founder of Rome, was the son of Mars. He was worshiped during wartime and his priests, the Salii, danced in full armor carrying the sacred shields. His altar was in the Campus Martius where warfare exercises were held. Mars was considered to be the Greek Ares and the son of Juno.

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