Mark in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
mark: In the King James Version this word is used 22 times
as a noun and 26 times as a predicate. In the former case it
is represented by 5 Hebrew and 3 Greek words; in the latter
by 11 Hebrew and 2 Greek words. As a noun it is purely a
physical term, gaining almost a technical significance from
the "mark" put upon Cain (Gen 4:15 the King James Version);
the stigmata of Christ in Paul's body (Gal 6:17); the "mark
of the beast" (Rev 16:2).
As a verb it is almost exclusively a mental process: e.g.
"to be attentive," "understand ": bin (Job 18:2 the King
James Version), rightly rendered in the Revised Version
(British and American) "consider"; shith, "Mark ye well her
bulwarks" (Ps 48:13), i.e. turn the mind to, notice, regard;
shamar, i.e. observe, keep in view; so Ps 37:37, "Mark the
perfect man"; compare Job 22:15 the King James Version. This
becomes a unique expression in 1 Sam 1:12, where Eli,
noticing the movement of Hannah's lips in prayer, is said to
have "marked her mouth." Jesus "marked" how invited guests
chose out (epecho, i.e. "observed") the chief seats (Lk
14:7); so skopeo (Rom 16:17; Phil 3:17), "Mark them," i.e.
look at, signifying keen mental attention, i.e. scrutinize,
observe carefully. The only exceptions to this mental
signification of the verb are two verses in the Old
Testament: Isa 44:13, "He marketh it out with a pencil"
("red ochre," the King James Version "line"), and "with the
compasses," where the verb is ta'ar, "to delineate," "mark
out"; Jer 2:22, "Thine iniquity is marked (katham, "cut
(i.e. engraved)) before me," signifying the deep and
ineradicable nature of sin. It may also be rendered
"written," as in indelible hieroglyphics...