Leviticus, 2 in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
1. Against the Wellhausen Hypothesis:
As in the article ATONEMENT, DAY OF, sec. I, 2, (2), we took
a stand against the modern attempts at splitting up the
text, and in III, 1 against theory of the late origin of the
whole pericope, we must, after trying under II to prove the
unity of the Book of Leviticus, yet examine the modern claim
that the book as a whole is the product of later times.
Since the entire book is ascribed to the Priestly Code (see
II, 1 above), the answer to the question as to the time when
it was written will depend on the attitude which we take
toward the Wellhausen hypothesis, which insists that the
Priestly Code was not published until the time of the exile
in 444 BC (Neh 8 through 10).
(1) The Argument from Silence.
One of the most important proofs for this claim is the
"argument from silence" (argumentum e silentio). How careful
one must be in making use of this argument can be seen from
the fact that, e.g., the high priest with his full title is
mentioned but a single time in the entire Book of Leviticus,
namely in 21:10; and that the Levites are not mentioned save
once (25:32 ff), and then incidentally. As is well known, it
is the adherents of the Wellhausen hypothesis themselves who
now claim that the bulk of the entire literature of the Old
Testament originated in the post-exilic period and long
after the year 444 BC. Leaving out of consideration for the
present the Books of Chronicles, Ezra and Nehemiah, all of
which describe the history of Israel from the standpoint of
the Priestly Code (P), we note that this later literature is
not any richer in its references to P than is the older
literature; and that in those cases where such references
are found in this literature assigned to a late period, it
is just as difficult to decide whether these passages refer
merely to a custom or to a codified set of laws.
(2) Attitude of Prophets toward Sacrificial System...
Read More about Leviticus, 2 in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE