Lemuel in Fausset's Bible Dictionary

"devoted to God", or "created by God" (the long form of Loci, Numbers 3:24). Instead of "Lemuel .... the prophecy," some less probably translated "Lemuel, king of Massa" (Proverbs 31:1-9). An ideal model king. Not, as Hitzig guessed, elder brother to Agur, king of an Arab tribe in Massa, on the borders of Israel, and both sprung from the Simeonites who drove out the Amalekites from Mount Seir under Hezekiah, as if Lemuel were an older form of Nemuel, or Jemuel, Simeon's oldest son. Taught by his mother, as Timothy by Lois and Eunice (2 Timothy 1:5; 2 Timothy 3:15-16). Her character was perhaps the model of the portrait of the "virtuous woman" (Proverbs 31:10-31). Abstemious; a pleader for and patron of those who cannot defend themselves, the widow and orphan.

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