Kidron Valley in Easton's Bible Dictionary
= Kedron = Cedron, turbid, the winter torrent which flows
through the Valley of Jehoshaphat, on the eastern
Jerusalem, between the city and the Mount of Olives.
is known in Scripture only by the name "the brook
crossed this brook bare-foot and weeping, when
Absalom (2 Sam. 15:23, 30), and it was frequently
crossed by our
Lord in his journeyings to and fro (John 18:1). Here
the obscene idols of his mother (1 Kings 15:13), and
Athaliah was executed (2 Kings 11:16). It afterwards
receptacle for all manner of impurities (2 Chr.
and in the time of Josiah this valley was the common
the city (2 Kings 23:6; comp. Jer. 26:23).
Through this mountain ravine no water runs, except
rains in the mountains round about Jerusalem. Its
its head to en-Rogel is 2 3/4 miles. Its
banks are filled with ancient tombs, especially the
opposite the temple area. The greatest desire of the
Jews is to
be buried there, from the idea that the Kidron is
the "valley of
Jehoshaphat" mentioned in Joel 3:2.
Below en-Rogel the Kidron has no historical or
interest. It runs in a winding course through the
Judea to the north-western shore of the Dead Sea.
length, in a straight line, is only some 20 miles,
but in this
space its descent is about 3,912 feet. (See KEDRON
Recent excavations have brought to light the fact
that the old
bed of the Kidron is about 40 feet lower than its
and about 70 feet nearer the sanctuary wall.