Khasekhemwy in Wikipedia
Khasekhemwy (d. 2686 BC; sometimes spelled Khasekhemui) was
the fifth and final king of the Second dynasty of Egypt.
Little is known of Khasekhemwy, other than that he led several
significant military campaigns and built several monuments,
still extant, mentioning war against the Northerners. His name
means "The Two Powerful Ones Appear."
Khasekhemwy is normally placed as the successor of Seth-Peribsen, though some
Egyptologists believe that another Pharaoh, Khasekhem, ruled between them. Most
scholars, however, believe Khasekhem and Khasekhemwy are, in fact, the same
person. Khasekhem may have changed his name to Khasekhemwy after he reunited Upper
and Lower Egypt after a civil war between the followers of the gods Horus and Set.
Others believe he defeated the reigning king, Seth-Peribsen, after returning to Egypt
from putting down a revolt in Nubia. Either way he ended the infighting of the Second
dynasty and reunited Egypt.
Khasekhemwy is unique in Egyptian history as having both the symbols of Horus and Set
on his serekh. Some Egyptologists believe that this was an attempt to unify the two
factions; but after his death, Set was dropped from the serekh permanently. Secondly,
he was the earliest Egyptian king known to have built statues of himself.
Khasekhemwy apparently undertook considerable building projects upon the
reunification of Egypt. He built in stone at el-Kab, Hierakonpolis and Abydos. He
apparently built a unique, as well as huge, tomb at Abydos, the last such royal tomb
built in that necropolis (Tomb V). The trapezoidal tomb measures some 70 meters (230
ft) in length and is 17 meters (56 ft) wide at its northern end, and 10 meters (33
ft) wide at its southern end. This area was divided into 58 rooms. Prior to some
recent discoveries from the 1st Dynasty, its central burial chamber was considered
the oldest masonry structure in the world, being built of quarried limestone. Here,
the excavators discovered the king's scepter of gold and sard, as well as several
beautifully made small stone pots with gold leaf lid coverings, apparently missed by
earlier tomb robbers. In fact, Petrie detailed a number of items removed during the
excavations of Amélineau. Other items included flint tools, as well as a variety of
copper tools and vessels, stone vessels and pottery vessels filled with grain and
fruit. There were also small, glazed objects, carnelian beads, model tools,
basketwork and a large quantity of seals.
Khasekhemwy built a fort at Nekhen, and at Abydos (now known as Shunet ez Zebib) and
was buried there in the necropolis at Umm el-Qa'ab. According to Toby Wilkinson's
study of the Palermo Stone in Royal Annals of Ancient Egypt, this near contemporary
document assigns Khasekhemwy a reign of 17.5 or nearly 18 full years.
Khasekhemwy's wife was Queen Nimaethap, mother of the King's Children. They were the
parents of Djoser and Djoser's wife Hetephernebti. It's also possible that
Khasekhemwy's son was Sanakhte. - Wikipedia