Jovian in Roman Biography
Jo'vi-an, [Lat. Jovia'nus; Fr. Jovien, zho've-4N r
It. Gioviano, jo-ve-4'no,] or, more fully, Jo-vl-a'nus
Fla'vi'-us Clau'dl-us, Emperor of Rome, was born in
Pannonia, 331 A.D. He early distinguished himself as
a commander in the Roman army, and, though an avowed
Christian, received many marks of distinction from Julian
the Apostate, whom he accompanied on his unsuccessful
expedition into Persia. At the death of that sovereign,
in 363, Jovian was elected emperor by the army. The
Roman troops were at that time in imminent clanger,
both on account of the superior Persian forces by which
they were hemmed in, and the great scarcity of provisions.
Jovian, after bravely repelling several attacks of
the enemy, formed a treaty, by which he agreed to give
up the Roman conquests west of the Tigris. Returning,
he spent some time at Antioch, where he annulled
Julian's laws against the Christians and re-established
the orthodox religion. He died in 364, at Dadastana,
in Galatia, as he was proceeding to Constantinople.
See Le Beau, "Histoire du Bas-Kmpire ;" Tillemont, "
des Empereurs ;" Schenkel,
Historia Joviaui," 1617; La
Histoire de PEmpereur Jovien," 2 vols., 1748.
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