Josiah in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(whom Jehovah heals).
1. The son of Amon and Jedidah, succeeded his father
B.C. 641, in the eighty years of his age, and reigned 31
years. His history is contained in 2Ki 22:1 ... 24:30; 2Ch
34:1 ..., 35:1 ... and the first twelve chapters of Jeremiah
throw much light upon the general character of the Jews in
his day. He began in the eighth year of his reign to seek
the Lord; and in his twelfth year, and for six years
afterward, in a personal progress throughout all the land of
Judah and Israel, he destroyed everywhere high places,
groves, images and all outward signs and relics of idolatry.
The temple was restored under a special commission; and in
the course of the repairs Hilkiah the priest found that book
of the law of the Lord which quickened so remarkably the
ardent zeal of the king. He was aided by Jeremiah the
prophet in spreading through his kingdom the knowledge and
worship of Jehovah. The great day of Josiah's life was the
day of the passover in the eighteenth year of his reign.
After this his endeavors to abolish every trace of idolatry
and superstition were still carried on; but the time drew
near which had been indicated by Huldah. 2Ki 22:20 When
Pharaoh-necho went from Egypt to Carchemish to carry on his
war along the seacoast. Necho reluctantly paused and gave
him battle in the valley of Esdraelon. Josiah was mortally
wounded, and died before he could reach Jerusalem. He was
buried with extraordinary honors.
2. The son of Zephaniah, at whose house took place
the solemn and symbolical crowning of Joshua the high
priest. Zec 6:10 (B.C. about 1520.)