Israel Museum in Wikipedia
The Israel Museum, Jerusalem (Hebrew: מוזיאון ישראל,ירושלים, Muze'on Yisrael,
Yerushalim) was founded in 1965 as Israel's national museum. It is situated on a hill
in the Givat Ram neighborhood of Jerusalem, near the Knesset, the Israeli Supreme
Court, and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Jerusalem mayor Teddy Kollek was the driving spirit behind the establishment of the
museum, one of the leading art and archaeology museums in the world. The Museum has
extensive collections of biblical archaeology, Judaica, ethnography, fine art,
artifacts from Africa, North and South America, Oceania and the Far East, rare
manuscripts, ancient glass and sculpture. A uniquely designed building on the grounds
of the museum, the Shrine of the Book, houses the Dead Sea Scrolls and artifacts
discovered at Masada. The museum's holding include 500,000 objects with some 7,000
objects and works currently online .
The director of the museum is James Snyder, former Deputy Director of the Museum of
Modern Art in New York, who was appointed in 1997. 
The museum covers nearly 50,000 sq. meters. It attracts 800,000 visitors a year
including 100,000 children to its Youth Wing. The Samuel Bronfman Biblical and
Archaeological Museum, which is a part of the museum complex, contains various
archaeological finds. It has the largest collection of artifacts from Israel in the
Shrine of the Book --
The Shrine of the Book houses the Dead Sea Scrolls, discovered 1947–56 in 11 caves in
and around the Wadi Qumran. An elaborate planning process of seven years led to the
building's eventual construction in 1965 which was funded by the family of David
Samuel Gottesman, the Hungarian émigré, the philanthropist who had purchased the
scrolls as a gift to the State of Israel.
The shrine is built as a white dome, covering a structure placed two-thirds below the
ground. The dome is reflected in a pool of water that surrounds it. Across from the
white dome is a black basalt wall. The colors and shapes of the building are based
on the imagery of the Scroll of the War of the Sons of Light Against the Sons of
Darkness, whereas the white dome symbolizes the Sons of Light and the black wall
symbolizes the Sons of Darkness. The interior of the shrine was designed to depict
the environment in which the scrolls were found. There is also a permanent display
on life in the Qumran, where the scrolls were written. The entire structure was
designed to resemble a pot in which the scrolls were found. It was designed by
Austrian architect Fredrick Kiesler and opened in 1965.
As the fragility of the scrolls makes it impossible to display all on a continuous
basis, a system of rotation is used. After a scroll has been exhibited for 3–6
months, it is removed from its showcase and placed temporarily in a special
storeroom, where it "rests" from exposure. The museum also holds other rare ancient
manuscripts and displays The Aleppo Codex, which is from the 10th-century and is
believed to be the oldest complete Bible in Hebrew.
Second Temple model --
One of the recent additions to the Museum is the Second Temple Era model of
Jerusalem. The model reconstructs the topography and architectural character of the
city as it was prior to 66 CE, the year in which the Great Revolt against the Romans
erupted, leading to the eventual destruction of the city and the Temple. Originally
constructed on the grounds of Jerusalem’s Holyland Hotel, the model, which includes a
replica of the Herod's Temple, is now a permanent feature of the Museum’s 20-acre
(81,000 m2) campus, adjacent to the Shrine of the Book....