History of Abu Ghosh
Abu Ghosh is one of the most ancient inhabited sites in Israel. Archaeological excavations have revealed 3 neolithic settlement phases, the middle phase is dated to the 7th millennium BCE. Its old Arabic name of Qaryat al'Inab has led Abu Ghosh to be identified with the biblical site of Kiryat Ye'arim.
A Greek inscription unearthed in the ruins of a Roman fort show that the Tenth Legion of the Roman army had a station house in Abu Ghosh. The village has also been associated with Anathoth, the birthplace of the prophet Jeremiah. [Wikipedia]