Hen in Fausset's Bible Dictionary

Matthew 23:37; Luke 13:34. As "the eagle stirring up her nest, fluttering over her young, spreading abroad her wings, taking, bearing them on her wings," represents the Old Testament aspect of Jehovah in relation to Israel under the law (Deuteronomy 32:11), so the "hen," Christ the lowly loving Son of God gathering God's children under His overshadowing wing, in the gospel (Rth 2:12; Psalm 17:8; Psalm 91:4). (See EAGLE.) So Jehovah "passed over", or sprang forward to overshadow Israel from the destroying angel (Exodus 12:13). (See PASSOVER; EXODUS.)

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