Gospel According to Mark, 2 in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
VI. Sources and Integrity.
We have seen that, according to the testimony of the
Fathers, Peter's preaching and teaching are at least the
main source, and that many features of the Gospel support
that view. We have seen, also, subtle but weighty reasons
for believing that Mark added a little himself. Need we seek
further sources, or does inquiry resolve itself into an
analysis of Peter's teaching?
B. Weiss believes that Mark used a document now lost
containing mainly sayings of Jesus, called Logia (L) in the
earlier discussions, but now commonly known as Q (Quelle).
In that opinion he has recently been joined by Sanday and
Streeter. Harnack, Sir John Hawkins and Wellhausen have
sought to reconstruct Q on the basis of the non-Markan
matter in Matthew and Luke. Allen extracts it from Matthew
alone, thinking that Mark also may have drawn a few sayings
from it. Some assign a distinct source for Mark 13. Streeter
considers it a document written shortly after the fall of
Jerusalem, incorporating a few utterances by Jesus and
itself incorporated bodily by Mark. Other sources, oral or
written, are postulated by Bacon for smaller portions and
grouped under X. He calls the final redactor R--not Mark but
a Paulinist of a radical type.
In forming a judgment much depends upon one's conception of
the teaching method of Jesus and the apostles. Teaching and
preaching are not synonymous terms. Matthew sums up the
early ministry in Galilee under "teaching, preaching and
healing," and gives us the substance of that teaching as it
impressed itself upon him. Mark reports less of it, but
speaks of it more frequently than either Matthew or Luke.
Jesus evidently gave teaching a very large place, and a
large proportion of the time thus spent was devoted to the
special instruction of the inner circle of disciples. The
range of that instruction was not wide. It was intensive
rather than extensive. He held Himself to the vital topic of
the kingdom of God. He must have gone over it again and
again. He would not hesitate to repeat instructions which
even chosen men found it so difficult to understand.
Teaching by repetition was common then as it is now in the
East. The word "catechize" (katecheo) implies that, and that
word is used by Paul of Jewish (Rom 2:18) and by...