Gospel According to Luke in Easton's Bible Dictionary
was written by Luke. He does not claim to have been an
eye-witness of our Lord's ministry, but to have gone
to the best
sources of information within his reach, and to have
orderly narrative of the facts (Luke 1:1-4). The
authors of the
first three Gospels, the synoptics, wrote
independently of each
other. Each wrote his independent narrative under
of the Holy Spirit.
Each writer has some things, both in matter and
peculiar to himself, yet all the three have much in
Luke's Gospel has been called "the Gospel of the
of mercy and hope, assured to the world by the love
suffering Saviour;" "the Gospel of the saintly
Gospel for the Greeks; the Gospel of the future; the
progressive Christianity, of the universality and
of the gospel; the historic Gospel; the Gospel of
Jesus as the
good Physician and the Saviour of mankind;" the
"Gospel of the
Fatherhood of God and the brotherhood of man;" "the
womanhood;" "the Gospel of the outcast, of the
publican, the harlot, and the prodigal;" "the Gospel
tolerance." The main characteristic of this Gospel,
(Cambridge Bible, Luke, Introd.) remarks, is fitly
the motto, "Who went about doing good, and healing
all that were
oppressed of the devil" (Acts 10:38; comp. Luke
wrote for the "Hellenic world." This Gospel is
indeed "rich and
"Out of a total of 1151 verses, Luke has 389 in
Matthew and Mark, 176 in common with Matthew alone,
41 in common
with Mark alone, leaving 544 peculiar to himself. In
instances all three use identical language." (See
There are seventeen of our Lord's parables peculiar
Gospel. (See List of Parables in Appendix.) Luke
seven of our Lord's miracles which are omitted by
Mark. (See List of Miracles in Appendix.) The
are related to each other after the following
scheme. If the
contents of each Gospel be represented by 100, then
compared this result is obtained:
Mark has 7 peculiarities, 93 coincidences.
Matthew 42 peculiarities, 58 coincidences.
Luke 59 peculiarities, 41 coincidences.
That is, thirteen-fourteenths of Mark, four-sevenths
and two-fifths of Luke are taken up in describing
things in very similar language.
Luke's style is more finished and classical than
Matthew and Mark. There is less in it of the Hebrew
uses a few Latin words (Luke 12:6; 7:41; 8:30;
but no Syriac or Hebrew words except sikera, an
of the nature of wine, but not made of grapes (from
"he is intoxicated", Lev. 10:9), probably palm wine.
This Gospel contains twenty-eight distinct
references to the
The date of its composition is uncertain. It must
written before the Acts, the date of the composition
of which is
generally fixed at about 63 or 64 A.D. This Gospel
therefore, probably about 60 or 63, when Luke may
have been at
Caesarea in attendance on Paul, who was then a
have conjectured that it was written at Rome during
imprisonment there. But on this point no positive
It is commonly supposed that Luke wrote under the
if not at the dictation of Paul. Many words and
common to both; e.g., compare:
Luke 4:22; with Col. 4:6.
Luke 4:32; with 1 Cor. 2:4.
Luke 6:36; with 2 Cor. 1:3.
Luke 6:39; with Rom. 2:19.
Luke 9:56; with 2 Cor. 10:8.
Luke 10:8; with 1 Cor. 10:27.
Luke 11:41; with Titus 1:15.
Luke 18:1; with 2 Thess. 1:11.
Luke 21:36; with Eph. 6:18.
Luke 22:19, 20; with 1 Cor. 11:23-29.
Luke 24:46; with Acts 17:3.
Luke 24:34; with 1 Cor. 15:5.