Gordian in Roman Biography
Gor'di-an, [Fr. Gordien, goR'de-aN' ; Lat. Gordia'-
nus, (Mar'cus Anto'nius Africa'nus,)] a Roman emperor,
born about 160 A.D., of an illustrious family. He
was appointed proconsul of Africa in 237, and was declared
emperor by the insurgents who rebelled against Maximinus.
His son Gordian was associated with him in the
empire, and their election was confirmed by the Roman
senate. Soon after this, Capellianus, Governor of Mauritania,
assembled an army in favour of Maximinus, and
attacked Carthage. In the combat that ensued, the
younger Gordian was slain ; and his aged father, on
hearing of his fate, strangled himself, in 238 a.d. Gordian
was distinguished for his love of letters, and was
the author of several poems. He spent a great part of
his immense wealth in procuring games and amusements
for the people. His reign lasted but six weeks.
See Gibbon, "Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire."