Exodus Types: 6e. The Tabernacle In the Wilderness, A Manifold Type of Christ and His Church
We come now to the main part of the Tabernacle on the
inside. Here are two rooms, the first a
larger room into which only priests might enter for their
service, and the second a smaller room
where only the high priest could enter. God manifested His
presence in this latter room. The first
room was called the Holy Place, and the second room was
called the Holy of Holies.
The golden candlestick (lampstand) located on the left side
of the Holy Place, represents the
union between Christ and believers. "And thou shalt make a
candlestick of pure gold: of
beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and
his branches, his bowls, his
knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same" (Exodus
25:31). The central shaft or stem
represents Christ, and the branches represent believers. The
branches were not stuck on, or
soldered on, or glued on. Rather they were one and the same
piece with the central shaft or stem.
Even so there is vital union between Christ and true
believers. This suggests the reference of
Christ to the Vine and the branches in John 15.
The first result of the union with Christ thus typified is
shining. "Ye are the light of the world.
A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. Neither do men
light a candle [lamp], and put it
under a bushel, but on a candlestick [lampstand]; and it
giveth light unto all that are in the
house. Let your light so shine before men, that they may see
your good works, and glorify
your Father which is in heaven" (Matthew 5:1416).
His lamp am I, to shine where He shall say,
And lamps are not for sunny rooms,
Nor for the light of day;
But for dark places of the earth,
Where shame and crime and wrong have birth;
Or for the murky twilight gray
Where wandering sheep have gone astray;
Or where the light of faith grows dim,
And souls are groping after Him.
- Annie Johnson Flint
The second result of union with Christ as pictured by the
lampstand is fruit-bearing. The bowls,
knops, and flowers suggest different stages in the process
of growing fruit, i.e., almonds. And the
Lord expects fruit from us as His followers who are united
to Him. "Herein is my Father
glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be my
disciples" (John 15:8). The fruits of the
Spirit as listed in Galatians 5:22, 23 should all be present
in our lives, and if they are, then there
will be converts to Christ. Such fruitfulness glorifies
The fuel used by the candlestick (lampstand) is a type of
the Holy Spirit as the source of the
believers power for living and serving. "And thou shalt
command the children of Israel, that
they bring thee pure oil olive beaten for the light, to
cause the lamp to burn always"
(Exodus 27:20). Absolutely pure olive oil was used in this
lamp. And in the Bible oil is a type of
the Holy Spirit. "How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with
the Holy Ghost and with power: who went
about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the
devil; for God was with him"
(Acts 10:38). If Jesus was anointed with the Holy Spirit,
how much more do we need to be
anointed with Him for effective service.
The table of shewbread, located on the right side of the
Holy Place, is a type of the Lord’s
Supper, or feeding on Christ. "Thou shalt also make a table
of shittim [acacia] wood: two
cubits shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth
thereof, and a cubit and a half
the height thereof . . . And thou shalt set upon the table
shewbread before me alway"
(Exodus 25:23, 30).
"Every sabbath he shall set it in order before the Lord
continually, being taken from the
children of Israel by an everlasting covenant. And it shall
be Aaron’s and his sons’; and
they shall eat it in the holy place: for it is most holy
unto him of the offerings of the Lord
made by fire by a perpetual statute" (Leviticus 24:8, 9).
The word shewbread means "presence-bread." It was kept in
God’s presence. For wheat to
become fine flour it must go through the process of sifting,
rubbing, pounding, grinding,
crushing, bruising. All this is descriptive of what Christ
suffered on our behalf. "But he was
wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our
iniquities: the chastisement of our
peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed"
Unleavened bread was used for the table of shewbread,
suggesting that Christ was without sin.
The bread was baked with fire, symbolizing the sufferings of
Christ for us. The bread was
changed every sabbath day, and thus no stale bread was
allowed. So there is need for fresh, upto-
date Christian experience. The priests ate the bread that
was removed, thus picturing fellowship
with God because of sins forgiven. The Lord’s Supper means
feeding on Christ. "Except ye
eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye
have no life in you" (John 6:53). This
means to appropriate the result of His death in our daily
The golden altar of incense, located directly in front of
them veil, is a type of Christian prayer to
God. "And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon: of
shittim wood shalt thou make
it . . . And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every
morning: when he dresseth the
lamps, he shall burn incense upon it. And when Aaron
lighteth the lamps at even, he shall
burn incense upon it, a perpetual incense, before the Lord
throughout your generations"
(Exodus 30:1, 7, 8). The high priest was to burn incense on
this altar morning and evening.
Incense in the Bible represents the prayers of God’s people.
"Let my prayer be set forth before
thee as incense; and the lifting up of my hands as the
evening sacrifice" (Psalm 141:2)
"And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four
and twenty elders fell down
before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden
vials full of odours, which
are the prayers of saints" (Revelation 5:8).
"And the smoke of the incense, which came with the prayers
of the saints, ascended up
before God out of the angel’s hand" (Revelation 8:4). [Old
Testament Types - FHW]