Exodus Types: 6d. The Tabernacle In the Wilderness, A Manifold Type of Christ and His Church
Here is what was done with the offerings, with some
variation in connection with certain
- First, the blood was shed and atonement made.
- Then, the blood was sprinkled and the atonement
appropriated. The victim was burned, the fire
picturing judgment upon sin.
- Then part of the meat was eaten by the priests symbolizing
fellowship based on forgiveness.
"But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have
fellowship one with another, and
the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin"
(I John 1:7).
The laver used by the priests for washing is a type of
cleansing for the Christian worker. The
laver was located midway between the brazen altar and the
main part of the Tabernacle itself.
"Thou shalt also make a laver of brass, and his foot also of
brass, to wash withal: and thou
shalt put it between the tabernacle of the congregation and
the altar, and thou shalt put
water therein. For Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands
and their feet thereat: when
they go into the tabernacle of the congregation, they shall
wash with water, that they die
not; or when they come near to the altar to minister, to
burn offering made by fire unto the
Lord" (Exodus 30:18-20). The priests were required to wash
themselves before going into the
Tabernacle, or before ministering at the altar.
The material the laver was made from was the brass looking
glasses which had been offered by
the women. "And he made the laver of brass, and the foot of
it of brass, of the looking
glasses of the women assembling, which assembled at the door
of the tabernacle of the
congregation" (Exodus 38:8). This reminds us of James’
statement that the law or the Word is
like a mirror. "But whoso looketh into the perfect law of
liberty, and continueth therein, he
being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this
man shall be blessed in his deed"
(James 1:25). The New Testament constitutes all believers as
priests. "And hath made us kings
and priests" (Revelation 1:6). But it is important that
priests be clean.
The psalmist asked the question how to be cleansed.
"Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse
his way? by taking heed thereto according to thy word"
(Psalm 119:9). First John 1:9
promises cleansing after confession: "If we confess our
sins, he is faithful and just to forgive
us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness."
After he is conscious of any sin,
every Christian worker should confess his sin immediately
and be forgiven and cleansed. Only
thus is he prepared to serve the Lord.
The Tabernacle itself did not rest upon the sand, but rather
upon a mass of silver sockets, with
each upright board resting on two sockets; so each one of us
must rest himself upon Christ for
salvation. "And forty sockets of silver he made under the
twenty boards; two sockets under
one board for his two tenons [pegs], and two sockets under
another board for his two
tenons" (Exodus 36:24). Each board was fastened securely to
the sockets by means of pegs. The
foundation of the Tabernacle was actually the combination of
all of these silver sockets,
picturing redemption through Christ as our foundation. "For
other foundation can no man lay
than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ" (I Corinthians
3:11). Every individual sinner who
hopes to be saved must rest upon Christ for his salvation.
The arrangement of the material in the walls of the
Tabernacle symbolizes the unity of believers.
"And he made boards for the tabernacle of shittim [acacia
wood, standing up . . . And he made
bars of shittim wood . . . And he made the middle bar to
shoot through the boards from the one
end to the other. And he overlaid the boards with gold, and
made their rings of gold to be places
for the bars, and overlaid the bars with gold" (Exodus
36:20, 31, 33, 34). The boards stood
upright. The bars were horizontal placed in rings. The
middle bar went through from end to end.
The purpose was to hold all together. This typifies the
unity of believers. "Endeavoring to keep
the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace" (Ephesians
4:3). This unity is based on the presence
and work of the Holy Spirit.
The outside covering of the Tabernacle of badgers’ skins is
a type of what Christ is to the
average unsaved person. "And a covering above of badgers’
skins [sealskins, margin: porpoise
skins]" (Exodus 26:14). This skin was no doubt a rough,
shaggy, and repulsive-looking skin.
This pictures Christ in relation to most unsaved people, to
whom Christ is not at all attractive.
This reminds us of the words of the prophet Isaiah in
predicting concerning the Messiah: "For he
shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root
out of a dry ground: he hath no
form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no
beauty that we should desire
him. He is despised and rejected of men, a man of sorrows,
and acquainted with grief: and
we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and
we esteemed him not" (Isaiah
The next to the outside covering of the Tabernacle of rams’
skins dyed red is a type of what
Christ is to God. "A covering for the tent of rams’ skins
dyed red" (Exodus 26:14). Rams
were used in the voluntary burnt offering. Thus this
covering represents Christ’s voluntary
consecration to do God’s will. "I delight to do thy will, O
my God: yea, thy law is within my
heart" (Psalm 40:8). This consecration led to the cross. It
indicates Christ was acceptable to God
in His life and ministry, and in His sacrificial death for
The next to the inside covering of the Tabernacle of goats’
hair is a type of what Christ has done
for us. "Thou shalt make curtains of goats’ hair to be a
covering upon the tabernacle"
In Palestine during Bible times the average goat was black,
not white. A goat was sacrificed as a
sin offering on the great Day of Atonement. Part of this
curtain would hang over in front of the
Tabernacle (v. 9). This would suggest to the Israelite
forgiveness because of the death of a
substitute (a goat). Thus it is a type of Christ’s death for
us. "Christ died for our sins" (I
The beautiful inside covering of the Tabernacle is a type of
what Christ is to believers.
"Moreover thou shalt make the tabernacle with ten curtains
of fine twined linen, and blue,
and purple, and scarlet: with cherubim of cunning work shalt
thou make them" (Exodus
26:1). There were ten curtains fastened together to make one
covering. The white linen suggests
Christ’s holiness; the blue, His deity; the purple, His
royalty; the scarlet, His humanity and
sacrificial death; and the cherubim (see Genesis 3:24) who
were guards or watchers, picture the
keeping power of Christ. All this and more - Christ is to
the believer! [Old Testament Types - FHW]