Epistle to the Romans in Easton's Bible Dictionary
This epistle was probably written at Corinth. Phoebe (Rom.
of Cenchrea conveyed it to Rome, and Gaius of
entertained the apostle at the time of his writing
it (16:23; 1
Cor. 1:14), and Erastus was chamberlain of the city,
Corinth (2 Tim. 4:20).
The precise time at which it was written is not
the epistle, but it was obviously written when the
about to "go unto Jerusalem to minister unto the
at the close of his second visit to Greece, during
preceding his last visit to that city (Rom. 15:25;
19:21; 20:2, 3, 16; 1 Cor. 16:1-4), early in A.D.
It is highly probable that Christianity was planted
in Rome by
some of those who had been at Jerusalem on the day
(Acts 2:10). At this time the Jews were very
numerous in Rome,
and their synagogues were probably resorted to by
who in this way became acquainted with the great
Jesus as these were reported among the Jews. Thus a
composed of both Jews and Gentiles was formed at
Rome. Many of
the brethren went out to meet Paul on his approach
There are evidences that Christians were then in
considerable numbers, and had probably more than one
meeting (Rom. 16:14, 15).
The object of the apostle in writing to this church
explain to them the great doctrines of the gospel.
was a "word in season." Himself deeply impressed
with a sense of
the value of the doctrines of salvation, he opens up
in a clear
and connected form the whole system of the gospel in
relation both to Jew and Gentile. This epistle is
this, that it is a systematic exposition of the
universal application. The subject is here treated
argumentatively, and is a plea for Gentiles
addressed to Jews.
In the Epistle to the Galatians, the same subject is
but there the apostle pleads his own authority,
church in Galatia had been founded by him.
After the introduction (1:1-15), the apostle
presents in it
divers aspects and relations the doctrine of
faith (1:16-11:36) on the ground of the imputed
Christ. He shows that salvation is all of grace, and
grace. This main section of his letter is followed
practical exhortations (12:1-15:13), which are
followed by a
conclusion containing personal explanations and
which contain the names of twenty-four Christians at
benediction, and a doxology (Rom. 15:14-ch. 16).