Eliezer in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
("my God a help".)
1. Genesis 15:2, "the steward of Abram's house, E.
of Damascus," literally, "the son of the business," or
possession (i.e. heir) of my house. Entering Canaan by
Damascus, Abram took thence his chief retainer, and adopted
him in the absence of a son and heir. He was not "born in
Abram's house" as Genesis 15:3 of KJV represents in
contradiction to Genesis 15:2 (unless it was while Abram was
in Damascus); but, as Hebrew expresses, was "son of his
house," i.e. adopted as such, according to the paternal
relations then subsisting between patriarchs and their
Thus, he discharged with fidelity, prayerful trust
in Providence, and tact, the delicate commission of choosing
a wife from his master's connections for his master's son
Isaac. Justin (36:2) and Josephus (Ant. 1:7, sec. 2), from
Nicholaus of Damascus, assert that Abraham reigned in
Damascus. Eliezer's prayer, "O Lord God of my master
Abraham, I pray Thee send me good speed today, and show
kindness unto my master;" his looking for a providential
token to guide him; God's gracious answer in fact; and his
thanksgiving, "Blessed be the Lord God of my ... who has not
left destitute my master of His mercy and His truth, I being
in the way, the Lord led me:" are a sample of God's special
care for His people's temporal concerns, and of the way to
secure it (Genesis 24).
2. Moses and Zipporah's second son; so-called
"because, said Moses, the God of my father was my help ...
from the sword of Pharaoh" (Exodus 18:4; 1 Chronicles 23:15;
1 Chronicles 23:17). Remained with Jethro his grandfather
when Moses returned to Egypt. Zipporah after going part of
the way with him was sent back by Moses (Exodus 4:18; Exodus
4:24-26; Exodus 18:2, etc.). Jethro took Zipporah and
Gershom and Eliezer to Moses in the wilderness, upon hearing
of the Exodus. Had one son, Rehabiah, to whom were born very
many sons (1 Chronicles 23:17; 1 Chronicles 26:25-26).
Shelomith was his descendant. (See SHELOMITH.)
3. 1 Chronicles 7:8.
4. 1 Chronicles 15:24.
5. 1 Chronicles 27:16.
6. Dodavah's son, of Mareshah in Judah (2 Chronicles
20:35-37). Prophesied against Jehoshaphat that "the Lord had
broken (at Ezion Geber) his works" (i.e. his ships of
Tarshish designed to go to Ophir for gold) for joining
himself with Ahaziah king of Israel "who did very wickedly"
(1 Kings 22:49). On Ahaziah's proposing a second joint
expedition, Jehoshaphat taught by bitter experience (2
Corinthians 6:14-18; Revelation 18:4) refused. The names
suggest that possibly he was sprung from Eleazer son of Dodo
(2 Samuel 23:9), one of David's three mighties.
7. A "chief" and "man of understanding" whom Ezra
sent to Iddo at Casiphia in order to bring the Nethinim, as
minister for the house of God (Ezra 8:16).
8. Ezra 10:18; Ezra 10:23; Ezra 10:31.
9. Luke 3:29.
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