Eliakim in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. Hilkiah's son, over Hezekiah's household (Isaiah 36:3).
As Joseph over Pharaoh's palace, Azrikam "governor of Ahaz'
house" (2 Chronicles 28:7); chamberlain, treasurer, prefect
of the palace (Genesis 41:40), chief minister. Successor of
Shebna, whose deposition for his pride was foretold (Isaiah
22:15-20). Elevated at the time of the Assyrian invasion as
the one most adapted to meet such a crisis. Same as Azariah
son of Hilkiah (1 Chronicles 6:13); the same man often
bearing two names (Kimchi). God calls him "My servant": a
pious patriot (compare 2 Kings 18:37; 2 Kings 19:1-5). A
"father to (counseling, befriending, and defending) the
inhabitants of Jerusalem and to the inhabitants of Judah."
Type of Messiah: "the key of the house of David will
I lay upon his shoulder (the key hung from the kerchief on
the shoulder as emblem of his office, or figuratively for
sustaining the government on his shoulder); so he shall open
and none shall shut:, and he shall shut and none shall
open;" i.e., all access to the royal house shall be through
him. Antitypically, "the government shall be upon Messiah's
shoulder" (Isaiah 9:6; Isaiah 22:22); He shuts or opens at
will the access to the heavenly mansion (Revelation 3:7), He
has the keys also of hell (the grave) and death (Revelation
As Eliakim supplanted Shebna, so Christ the Heir of
David's throne shall supplant all the stewards who abuse
their trust in God's spiritual house, the church and the
world (hereafter to become coextensive with the church):
Hebrews 3:2-6. For the rest of Isaiah's imagery as to
Eliakim, (See NAIL; SHEBNA, when degraded, was "scribe"
(i.e. secretary, remembrancer, keeping the king informed on
important facts, historiographer) under Eliakim (2 Kings
18:37), who became "treasurer," or as Hebrew coken (Isaiah
22:15) from caakan, "to dwell" means, intimate friend of the
king, dwelling on familiar terms, and "steward of the
provisions" (compare 1 Chronicles 27:33).
2. King JEHOIAKIM'S original name.
3. Nehemiah 12:41.
4. Luke 3:26; Matthew 1:13.
5. Luke 3:30-31.
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