Ekron in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
("the firm rooted".) Most northerly of the five Philistine
lordship cities, farthest from the sea, to the right of the
great road from Egypt northwards to Syria, in the shephelah
(low country). A landmark of Judah on the northern boundary
which ran thence to the sea at Jabneel (Joshua 15:45-46;
Judges 1:18). Afterward in Dan (Joshua 19:43); but the
Philistines permanently appropriated it (1 Samuel 5:10; 1
Samuel 17:52; Jeremiah 25:20). There the ark of the covenant
was taken last before its return to Israel.
A shrine and oracle of Baalzebub was there, to which
king Ahaziah applied for consultation in his sickness (2
Kings 1:2; 2 Kings 1:16). Zechariah 9:5, "Ekron for her
expectation shall be ashamed": she had expected Tyre would
withstand Alexander in his progress southward toward Egypt;
but her expectation shall bear the shame of disappointment.
Zephaniah 2:4 plays on her name, 'Ekron tee'akeer," the
firm-rooted one shall be rooted up." Now Akir, 3 miles E. of
Yebna, N. of the wady Surar; a village consisting of 50 mud
houses, with two well-built wells, is all that remains of
the once leading Philistine city, fulfilling the prophecy
that she should be rooted up.
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