Edom in Easton's Bible Dictionary
(1.) The name of Esau (q.v.), Gen. 25:30, "Feed me, I pray
with that same red pottage [Heb. haadom, haadom,
i.e., 'the red
pottage, the red pottage'] ...Therefore was his name
Edom", i.e., Red.
(2.) Idumea (Isa. 34:5, 6; Ezek. 35:15). "The field
(Gen. 32:3), "the land of Edom" (Gen. 36:16), was
(Obad. 1:8, 9, 19, 21). It was called the land, or
of Seir," the rough hills on the east side of the
extended from the head of the Gulf of Akabah, the
to the foot of the Dead Sea (1 Kings 9:26), and
other cities, the rock-hewn Sela (q.v.), generally
known by the
Greek name Petra (2 Kings 14:7). It is a wild and
traversed by fruitful valleys. Its old capital was
63:1). The early inhabitants of the land were
Horites. They were
destroyed by the Edomites (Deut. 2:12), between whom
kings of Israel and Judah there was frequent war (2
2 Chr. 28:17).
At the time of the Exodus they churlishly refused
to the Israelites to pass through their land (Num.
and ever afterwards maintained an attitude of
them. They were conquered by David (2 Sam. 8:14;
comp. 1 Kings
9:26), and afterwards by Amaziah (2 Chr. 25:11, 12).
regained again their independence, and in later
the decline of the Jewish kingdom (2 Kings 16:6;
"Edomites"), made war against Israel. They took part
Chaldeans when Nebuchadnezzar captured Jerusalem,
they invaded and held possession of the south of
far as Hebron. At length, however, Edom fell under
Chaldean power (Jer. 27:3, 6).
There are many prophecies concerning Edom (Isa.
34:5, 6; Jer.
49:7-18; Ezek. 25:13; 35:1-15; Joel 3:19; Amos 1:11;
1:3, 4) which have been remarkably fulfilled. The
desolate condition of that land is a standing
testimony to the
inspiration of these prophecies. After an existence
as a people
for above seventeen hundred years, they have utterly
disappeared, and their language even is forgotten
for ever. In
Petra, "where kings kept their court, and where
assembled, there no man dwells; it is given by lot
to birds, and
beasts, and reptiles."
The Edomites were Semites, closely related in blood
language to the Israelites. They dispossessed the
Mount Seir; though it is clear, from Gen. 36, that
afterwards intermarried with the conquered
tribes settled also in the south of Judah, like the
(Gen. 36:11), to whom Caleb and Othniel belonged
The southern part of Edom was known as Teman.
Read More about Edom in Easton's Bible Dictionary