Eder in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
e'-der ('edher, "flock"):
(1) One of the "uttermost cities" of Judah in the Negeb
("South") near the border of Edom (Josh 15:21), possibly Kh.
el `Adar, 5 miles South of Gaza, but probably this is too far
west. (2) Eder (the King James Version Edar) or better Migdal
Eder, mighdal `edher, "the tower of the flock"; Gader. After
Rachel died and was buried "in the way to Ephrath (the same is
Bethlehem) .... Israel journeyed, and spread his tent beyond
the tower of Eder" (Gen 35:19,21). In Gen 35:27 he is
described as proceeding to Hebron. This "tower of the flock,"
which may have been only a tower and no town, must therefore
be looked for between Bethlehem and Hebron. Jerome says that
it was one Roman mile from Bethlehem. In the Septuagint,
however, 35:16 and 21 are transposed, which suggests that
there may have been a tradition that Migdal Eder was between
Bethel and Bethlehem. There must have been many such towers
for guarding flocks against robbers. Compare "tower of the
watchman" (2 Ki 18:8, etc.). The phrase "Migdal Eder" occurs
in Mic 4:8 where Jerusalem is compared to such a tower.
E. W. G. Masterman
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