Diphĭlus in Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities（Δίφιλος). A poet of the new Attic comedy, a native of Sinopé, and contemporary of Menander. He is supposed to have written some one hundred pieces, of which we have the titles and fragments of about fifty. The Casina and Rudens of Plautus are modelled on two plays of Diphilus; and Terence has adopted some scenes from one of them (the Συναποθνῄσκοντες) in his Adelphoe. Diphilus took his subjects both from common life and from mythology. Most of the passages that have been preserved relate to matters of cookery, the longest being one of forty-one lines. Both the judgments passed on him in antiquity and his remaining fragments justify us in recognizing him as one of the most gifted poets of his age. These fragments are collected in Meineke, i. pp. 445-457; iv. pp. 375-430.
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