Dead Sea in Easton's Bible Dictionary
the name given by Greek writers of the second century to
inland sea called in Scripture the "salt sea" (Gen.
34:12), the "sea of the plain" (Deut. 3:17), the
(Ezek. 47:18; Joel 2:20), and simply "the sea"
(Ezek. 47:8). The
Arabs call it Bahr Lut, i.e., the Sea of Lot. It
lies about 16
miles in a straight line to the east of Jerusalem.
is 1,292 feet below the surface of the Mediterranean
covers an area of about 300 square miles. Its depth
1,310 to 11 feet. From various phenomena that have
observed, its bottom appears to be still subsiding.
It is about
53 miles long, and of an average breadth of 10
miles. It has no
outlet, the great heat of that region causing such
evaporation that its average depth, notwithstanding
that run into it (see JORDAN -T0002112), is
little variation. The Jordan alone discharges into
it no less
than six million tons of water every twenty-four
The waters of the Dead Sea contain 24.6 per cent. of
salts, about seven times as much as in ordinary sea-
they are unusually buoyant. Chloride of magnesium is
abundant; next to that chloride of sodium (common
terraces of alluvial deposits in the deep valley of
show that formerly one great lake extended from the
Merom to the foot of the watershed in the Arabah.
were then about 1,400 feet above the present level
of the Dead
Sea, or slightly above that of the Mediterranean,
and at that
time were much less salt.
Nothing living can exist in this sea. "The fish
by the Jordan at once die, nor can even mussels or
in it; but it is a fable that no bird can fly over
it, or that
there are no living creatures on its banks. Dr.
on the shores three kinds of kingfishers, gulls,
grebes, which he says live on the fish which enter
the sea in
shoals, and presently die. He collected one hundred
species of birds, some new to science, on the
swimming or flying over the waters. The cane-brakes
it at some parts are the homes of about forty
mammalia, several of them animals unknown in
innumerable tropical or semi-tropical plants perfume
atmosphere wherever fresh water can reach. The
perfect and most delicious, and indeed there is
perhaps no place
in the world where a sanatorium could be established
much prospect of benefit as at Ain Jidi (Engedi).",
Read More about Dead Sea in Easton's Bible Dictionary