Darius the Great and the Bisutun Inscription

J. Andrew McLaughlin. What is the significance of the association between Darius I ("The Great") of Persia and the inscription on the rock of Bisutun? Of what importance is this association to the reconstruction of Persian history? This inscription, carved 300 feet above the ground near Bisutun (a.k.a. Bisitun, Behistun, and Bahistun) in modern Iran, exhibits a relief depicting Darius' ascension to the throne of Persia, his triumph over his enemies, and his endorsement by the chief god Ahuramazda. This carving is supplemented by a large amount of accompanying text in three languages important at the time of the Persian empire: Babylonian, Old Persian, and Elamite. R.

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