Darius in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(lord), the name of several kings of Media and Persia.
1. DARIUS THE MEDE, Da 6:1; 11:1 "the son of
Ahasuerus," Da 9:1 who succeeded to the Babylonian kingdom
ont he death of Belshazzar, being then sixty-two years old.
Da 5:31; 9:1 (B.C. 538.) Only one year of his reign is
mentioned, Da 9:1; 11:1 but that was of great importance for
the Jews. Daniel was advanced by the king to the highest
dignity, Da 6:1 ff., and in his reign was cast into the
lions' den. Dan. 6. This Darius is probably the same as
"Astyages," the last king of the Medes.
2. DARIUS, the son of Hystaspes the founder of the
Perso-Arian dynasty. Upon the usurpation of the magian
Smerdis, he conspired with six other Persian chiefs to
overthrow the impostor and on the success of the plot was
placed upon the throne, B.C. 521. With regard to the Jews,
Darius Hystaspes pursued the same policy as Cyrus, and
restored to them the privileges which they had lost. Ezr 5:1
etc.; Ezra 6:1 etc.
3. DARIUS THE PERSIAN, Ne 12:22 may be identified
with Darius II. Nothus (Ochus), king of Persia B.C. 424-3 to
405-4; but it is not improbable that it points to Darius
III. Codomannus, the antagonist of Alexander and the last
king of Persia, B.C. 336-330.
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