Constantius II in Roman Biography
Constantius [Fr. Constance, k6N'stdNs'] H., (Flavius
Julius,) the third son of Constantine I., Emperor
of Rome, was born at Sirmium in 317 A.D. By his father's
will he inherited the Asiatic provinces and Egypt in 337.
It is said that he ordered or permitted the massacre of
his father's nephews, brother, etc. at the time of his
During nearly all his reign he was at war with
the Persians, by whom he was often defeated. In 350
the revolt of Magnentius resulted in the death of Constans,
Emperor of the West. Constantius turned his
arms against Magnentius, whom he defeated at Mursa, on
the Drave, in 351, and in Gaul in 353, after which he was
master of the whole empire. In 355 he appointed his
cousin Julian, Caesar and commander in Gaul, and in
357 visited Rome for the first time. He favoured the
Arians, and banished the orthodox bishops. Julian
having been proclaimed emperor by his army in Gaul,
Constantius was marching to attack him, when he died
near Tarsus in 361, and was succeeded by Julian. His
reputation is not high either for talents or for virtue.
Vita Constantii :" Tiixemont, "Histoire des
Empereurs ;" Gibbon,
" Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire."