Claudius in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Tiberius Nero Drusus Germanicus; fourth Roman emperor; reigned
from A.D. 41 to 54; successor of Caligula; son of Nero Drusus;
born 9 B.C.; lived in privacy until he became emperor (A.D.
41) mainly through the influence of Herod Agrippa I (Josephus,
Ant. 19:2, section 1, 3, 4), whose territory therefore he
enlarged by adding Judaea, Samaria, and part of Lebanon. He
appointed Herod's brother to Chalcis and the presidency over
the temple at Jerusalem.
In Claudius' reign occurred the famine in Israel and
Syria (Acts 11:28-30) under the procurators Cuspins Fadus and
Tiberius Alexander. Suetonius (Claud., 25) writes: "Claudius
expelled the Jews from Rome, as they were constantly raising
disturbances under the instigation of one Christ" (this was
between A.D. 50 and 52): a sample of the ignorance of pagan
writers in respect to Christ and Judaism. Claudius was
poisoned by his fourth wife, Agrippina Nero's mother (A.D.
54), after a weak reign in which, according to Suetonius (29),
"he showed himself not a prince but a servant" in the hands of
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