City in Easton's Bible Dictionary
The earliest mention of city-building is that of Enoch,
was built by Cain (Gen. 4:17). After the confusion
the descendants of Nimrod founded several cities
Next, we have a record of the cities of the
Gaza, Sodom, etc. (10:12, 19; 11:3, 9; 36:31-39).
description of a city is that of Sodom (19:1-22).
said to be the oldest existing city in the world.
time of Abraham there were cities in Egypt (Num.
Israelites in Egypt were employed in building the
cities" of Pithom and Raamses (Ex. 1:11); but it
does not seem
that they had any cities of their own in Goshen
47:1-11). In the kingdom of Og in Bashan there were
cities with walls," and twenty-three cities in
rebuilt by the tribes on the east of Jordan (Num.
21:21, 32, 33,
35; 32:1-3, 34-42; Deut. 3:4, 5, 14; 1 Kings 4:13).
On the west
of Jordan were thirty-one "royal cities" (Josh. 12),
many others spoken of in the history of Israel.
A fenced city was a city surrounded by
fortifications and high
walls, with watch-towers upon them (2 Chr. 11:11;
There was also within the city generally a tower to
citizens might flee when danger threatened them
A city with suburbs was a city surrounded with open
pasture-grounds, such as the forty-eight cities
which were given
to the Levites (Num. 35:2-7). There were six cities
three on each side of Jordan, namely, Kadesh,
on the west of Jordan; and on the east, Bezer,
and Golan. The cities on each side of the river were
opposite each other. The regulations concerning
these cities are
given in Num. 35:9-34; Deut. 19:1-13; Ex. 21:12-14.
When David reduced the fortress of the Jebusites
on Mount Zion, he built on the site of it a palace
and a city,
which he called by his own name (1 Chr. 11:5), the
David. Bethlehem is also so called as being David's
Jerusalem is called the Holy City, the holiness of
being regarded as extending in some measure over the
Pithom and Raamses, built by the Israelites as
cities," were not places where royal treasures were
were fortified towns where merchants might store
their goods and
transact their business in safety, or cities in
of war were stored. (See PITHOM -T0002968.)
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