Chorazin in Wikipedia
Chorazin (pronounced /koʊˈreɪzɪn/; Korazim Karraza, Kh.
Karazeh, Chorizim, Kerazeh, Korazin) was a village in
northern Galilee, two and a half miles from Capernaum on a
hill above the northern shore of the Sea of Galilee.
Chorazin, along with Bethsaida and Capernaum, was named in
the New Testament gospels of Matthew and Luke as "cities"
(more likely just villages) in which Jesus performed "mighty
works". However, because these towns rejected his work
("they had not changed their ways" -Matt11:20SV), they were
subsequently cursed (Matthew 11:20-24 ; Luke 10:13-15 ).
Biblical scholars who accept the two-source hypothesis state
that this story originally came from the Q document. Despite
this textual evidence, archaeologists have not yet been
successful in finding a settlement dating to the 1st
century. Due to the condemnation of Jesus, some early
Medieval writers believed that the Antichrist would be born
The Babylonian Talmud (Menahot, 85a) mentions that Chorazin
was a town known for its grain. In the 16th century, Jewish
fishermen used to reside here.
Korazim is now the site of a National Archaeological Park.
Extensive excavations and a survey were carried out at in
1962-1964. Excavations at the site were resumed in 1980-
The site is an excavated ruin today, but was inhabited
starting in the 1st century. It is associated with modern
The majority of the structures are made from black basalt, a
volcanic rock found locally. The main settlement dates to
the 3rd and 4th centuries. A mikvah, or ritual bath, was
also found at the site. The handful of olive millstones used
in olive oil extraction found suggest a reliance on the
olive for economic purposes, like a number of other villages
in ancient Galilee.
The town's ruins are spread over an area of 25 acres
(100,000 m2), subdivided into five separate quarters, with a
synagogue in the centre. The large, impressive Synagogue
which was built with black basalt stones and decorated with
Jewish motifs is the most striking survival. Close by is a
ritual bath, surrounded by public and residential buildings.
The 3rd century synagogue was destroyed in the 4th century
and rebuilt in the 5th. [Citation needed]
An unusual feature in an ancient synagogue is the presence
of three-dimensional sculpture, a pair of stone lions. A
similar pair of three-dimensional lions was found in the
synagogue at Kfar Bar'am. Other carvings, which are
thought to have originally been brightly painted, feature
images of wine-making, animals, a Medusa, an armed soldier,
and an eagle.