Caravan in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
kar'-a-van, kar-a-van' ('orach): This word is not found in
the King James Version, but the Revised Version (British and
American) employs it three times, namely, in Job 6:18,19
('orchoth), where the King James Version renders "paths"
(Job 6:18) and "troops" (Job 6:19); in Isa 21:13
('orechoth), where the King James Version and English
Versions of the Bible give "travelling companies," and in
Ezek 27:25 (sharoth), where the King James Version gives a
totally different translation. The Hebrew text in Ezekiel is
dubious, but in Isaiah and Job "caravan" is undoubtedly a
correct rendering of the Hebrew (compare also Gen 37:25).
The inhabitants of Israel were familiar with the caravans--
the goods trains of the Semitic world--which traveled
between BabyIon and Syria on the one hand to Arabia and on
the other to Egypt. The main routes between these countries
passed through Canaan. Isaiah refers to "caravans of
Jedanites"--a trading Arabic tribe who conveyed their wares
to Babylon. Job compares his would-be friends to a deceitful
brook, full in the rainy season, but dry in summer, which
entices caravans to turn aside from the main route in the
hope of a plentiful supply of water, but which fails the
thirsty travelers when they need it most.