Caesar By Plutarch

"Caesar" is a biography written by the ancient Greek historian Plutarch. Plutarch's "Caesar" is part of his famous work, "Parallel Lives," in which he paired the biographies of notable Greek and Roman figures to compare their virtues, vices, and accomplishments. The biography of Julius Caesar is one of the most well-known in this collection.

Biographical Account:

In "Caesar," Plutarch provides a detailed account of the life and career of Gaius Julius Caesar, one of the most influential figures in Roman history. The biography covers Caesar's early years, his rise in Roman politics, his military campaigns, and his ultimate assassination on the Ides of March in 44 BCE.

Historical Context:

Plutarch's "Caesar" offers not only a biography but also a valuable historical perspective on the turbulent period of the late Roman Republic. Caesar's political and military exploits, including his conquest of Gaul and his rivalry with Pompey, are explored in depth.

Character Study:

One of Plutarch's primary focuses is the character of Julius Caesar. Plutarch examines Caesar's strengths, such as his military genius and political acumen, as well as his flaws, such as his ambition and dictatorial tendencies. This character study provides insight into the complex personality of the Roman dictator.

Comparison with Other Lives:

Plutarch's "Parallel Lives" pairs the biography of Caesar with that of Alexander the Great. The comparison between these two great military leaders highlights their similarities and differences, offering readers an opportunity to consider their impact on history and the nature of leadership.


Plutarch's "Caesar" has been a significant source for scholars and historians studying the life and times of Julius Caesar. It has also contributed to the enduring fascination with Caesar's role in the downfall of the Roman Republic and the emergence of the Roman Empire under his successor, Augustus.

Plutarch's "Caesar" remains a valuable historical and biographical work, offering readers a rich narrative of Julius Caesar's life and a deeper understanding of the political and social dynamics of ancient Rome.

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