Brasĭdas in Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities（Βρασίδας). The most distinguished Spartan in the first part of the Peloponnesian War (q.v.). In B.C. 424, at the head of a small force, having effected a dexterous march through the hostile country of Thessaly, he gained possession of many of the cities in Macedonia that were subject to Athens; his greatest acquisition was Amphipolis. In 422, with only a handful of helots and mercenary troops, he gained a brilliant victory over Cleon, who had been sent with a powerful Athenian force to recover Amphipolis. Brasidas was slain in the battle. He was buried within the city, and the inhabitants honoured him as a hero by yearly sacrifices and by games. Thucydides praises alike the eloquence and the liberality and wisdom of Brasidas, and Plato compares him to Achilles.
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