Book of Nahum in Easton's Bible Dictionary
Nahum prophesied, according to some, in the beginning of the
reign of Ahaz (B.C. 743). Others, however, think
prophecies are to be referred to the latter half of
the reign of
Hezekiah (about B.C. 709). This is the more probable
internal evidences leading to that conclusion.
Probably the book
was written in Jerusalem (soon after B.C. 709),
witnessed the invasion of Sennacherib and the
destruction of his
host (2 Kings 19:35).
The subject of this prophecy is the approaching
final destruction of Nineveh, the capital of the
great and at
that time flourishing Assyrian empire. Assur-bani-
pal was at the
height of his glory. Nineveh was a city of vast
extent, and was
then the centre of the civilzation and commerce of
the world, a
"bloody city all full of lies and robbery" (Nah.
3:1), for it
had robbed and plundered all the neighbouring
nations. It was
strongly fortified on every side, bidding defiance
enemy; yet it was to be utterly destroyed as a
the great wickedness of its inhabitants.
Jonah had already uttered his message of warning,
was followed by Zephaniah, who also predicted (Zeph.
destruction of the city, predictions which were
fulfilled (B.C. 625) when Nineveh was destroyed
fire, and the Assyrian empire came to an end, an
changed the face of Asia. (See NINEVEH -T0002735.)