Book of Exodus in Easton's Bible Dictionary
Exodus is the name given in the LXX. to the second book of
Pentateuch (q.v.). It means "departure" or
"outgoing." This name
was adopted in the Latin translation, and thence
other languages. The Hebrews called it by the first
according to their custom, Ve-eleh shemoth (i.e.,
"and these are
It contains, (1.) An account of the increase and
growth of the
Israelites in Egypt (ch. 1) (2.) Preparations for
departure out of Egypt (2-12:36). (3.) Their
Egypt to Sinai (12:37-19:2). (4.) The giving of the
law and the
establishment of the institutions by which the
the people was completed, the theocracy, "a kingdom
and an holy nation" (19:3-ch. 40).
The time comprised in this book, from the death of
the erection of the tabernacle in the wilderness, is
hundred and forty-five years, on the supposition
that the four
hundred and thirty years (12:40) are to be computed
time of the promises made to Abraham (Gal. 3:17).
The authorship of this book, as well as of that of
books of the Pentateuch, is to be ascribed to Moses.
unanimous voice of tradition and all internal
abundantly support this opinion.
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