Bethany in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(house of dates, or house of misery), a village which,
scanty as are the notices of it contained in Scripture, is
more intimately associated in our minds than perhaps any
other place with the most familiar acts and scenes of the
last days of the life of Christ. It was situated "at" the
Mount of Olives, Mr 11:1; Lu 19:29 about fifteen stadia
(furlongs, i.e. 1 1/2 or 2 miles) from Jerusalem Joh 11:18
on or near the usual road From Jericho to the city, Lu 19:29
comp. Mark 11:1 comp. Mark 10:46
and close by the west(?) of another village called
Bethphage, the two being several times mentioned together.
Bethany was the home of Mary and Martha and Lazarus, and is
now known by a name derived from Lazarus--el-Azariyeh or
Lazarieh. It lies on the eastern slope of the Mount of
Olives, fully a mile beyond the summit, and not very far
from the point at which the road to Jericho begins its more
sudden descent towards the Jordan valley. El-'Azariyeh is a
ruinous and wretched village, a wild mountain hamlet of some
twenty families. Bethany has been commonly explained "house
of dates," but it more probably signifies "house of misery."
H. Dixon, "Holy Land," ii. 214, foll.
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