Baruch in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
("blessed, Benedict".) Neriah's son, Jeremiah's (Jeremiah
32:12; Jeremiah 36:4-32) steadfast attendant and amanuensis;
brother to Seraiah, of princely family (Jeremiah 51:59) and
position. He was the friend to whom Jeremiah in prison
entrusted the papers of the purchase of his uncle's field at
Anathoth, the year before Jerusalem's destruction, to assure
the Jews of the certainty of their return from Babylon. He
wrote out Jeremiah's prophecies against the Jews and other
nations, and, while the prophet was shut up, i.e. prevented
coming forward, read them before the people; in consequence
of which king Jehoiakim sought to kill him and Jeremiah, but
the Lord hid them. Jehoiakim having destroyed the first
roll, Baruch wrote again the same words with many additions.
Azariah and Johanan after the capture of the city, when
Jeremiah warned them against going to Egypt, said: "Baruch
setteth thee on against us for to deliver us into the hand
of the Chaldeans."
On, the former occasion Baruch yielded to
despondency; and as Paul subjoins epistles to individuals
after epistles to churches, so Jeremiah subjoins a prophecy
concerning Baruch after the prophecies and histories
concerning the Jews and their kings: "Thus saith the Lord
the God of Israel, unto thee, O Baruch. Thou didst say, Woe
is me now, for the Lord hath added grief to my sorrow, I
fainted in my sighing, and I find no rest." When a "whole
land," the people of My "planting," are being plucked up;
"seekest thou great things for thyself?" i.e., dost thou
expect to be exempt from trial?
A promise is added to the reproof: "thy life will I
give unto thee for a prey." How striking, that Jeremiah
(Jeremiah 12:1-5; Jeremiah 15:10-18; Jeremiah 15:45), who
once was so desponding himself, is enabled to minister
counsel to Baruch falling into the same error. God allows
His servants to be tempted, in order to fit them for
succoring others who are tempted. Baruch was carried with
Jeremiah by Johanan into Egypt (Jeremiah 43:6). The
apocryphal book of Baruch is evidently one of later
2. Son of Zabbai (Nehemiah 3:20).
3. Son of Colhozeh (Nehemiah 11:5).
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