Banias is the Arabic name for Hellenistic city of Paneas whose name derives from Pan, the Greek god of herds and shepherds. His cult was observed in a large cave at the foot of Mt. Hermon, where a source of the River Jordan emerges. Paneas, was chosen by Philip (King Herod's son) as the capital of his territory, and named Caesarea Philippi (Israel Antiquities Authority)

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