Babylon in Smiths Bible Dictionary

in the Apocalypse, is the symbolical name by which Rome is denoted. Re 14:8; 17:18 The power of Rome was regarded by the later Jews as was that of Babylon by their forefathers. Comp. Jer 51:7 with Reve 14:8 The occurrence of this name in 1Pe 5:13 has given rise to a variety of conjectures, many giving it the same meaning as in the Apocalypse; others refer it to Babylon in Asia, and others still to Babylon in Egypt. The most natural supposition of all is that by Babylon is intended the old Babylon of Assyria, which was largely inhabited by Jews at the time in question.

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