Augustus in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(venerable) Cae'sar the first Roman emperor. He was born
A.U.C. 691, B.C. 63. His father was Caius Octavius; his mother
Atia, daughter of Julia the sister of C. Julius Caesar. He was
principally educated by his great-uncle Julius Caesar, and was
made his heir. After his murder, the young Octavius, then
Caius Julius Caesar Octavianus, was taken into the triumvirate
with Antony and Lepidus, and, after the removal of the latter,
divided the empire with Antony. The struggle for the supreme
power was terminated in favor of Octavianus by the battle of
Actium, B.C. 31. On this victory he was saluted imperator by
the senate, who conferred on him the title Augustus, B.C. 27.
The first link binding him to New Testament history is his
treatment of Herod after the battle of Actium. That prince,
who had espoused Antony's side, found himself pardoned, taken
into favor and confirmed, nay even increased, in his power.
After Herod's death, in A.D. 4, Augustus divided his
dominions, almost exactly according to his dying directions,
among his sons. Augustus died in Nola in Campania, Aug. 19,
A.U.C. 767, A.D. 14, in his 76th year; but long before his
death he had associated Tiberius with him in the empire.
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