Anchises in Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
（Ἀγχίσης), a son of Capys and Themis, the daughter of Ilus.
His descent is traced by Aeneas, his son (Hom. Il.
20.208,&c.), from Zeus himself. (Comp. Apollod. 3.12.2 ;
Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 1232.) Hyginus (Hyg. Fab. 94) makes him a
son of Assaracus and grandson of Capys. Anchises was related
to the royal house of Troy and king of Dardanus on mount
Ida. In beauty he equalled the immortal gods, and was
beloved by Aphrodite, by whom he became the father of
Aeneas. (Hom. Il. 2.820; Hes. Th. 1008 ; Apollod. Hygin. ll.
cc.) According to the Homeric hymn on Aphrodite (45, &c.),
the goddess had visited him in the disguise of a daughter of
the Phrygian king Otreus. On parting from him, she made
herself known, and announced to him that he would be the
father of a son, Aeneas, but she commanded him to give out
that the child was a son of a nymph, and added the threat
that Zeus would destroy him with a flash of lightning if he
should ever betray the real mother. When, therefore, on one
occasion Anchises lost controul over his tongue and boasted
of his intercourse with the goddess, he was struck by a
flash of lightning, which according to some traditions
killed, but according to others only blinded or lamed him.
(Hygin. l.c. ; Serv. ad Aen. 2.648.) Virgil in his Aeneid
makes Anchises survive the capture of Troy, and Aeneas
carries his father oil his shoulders from the burning city,
that he might be assisted by his wise counsel during the
voyage, for Virgil, after the example of Ennius, attributes
prophetic powers to Anchises. (Aen. 2.687, with Serv. note.)
According to Virgil, Anchises died soon after the first
arrival of Aeneas in Sicily, and was buried on mount Eryx.
(Aen. 3.710, 5.759, &c.) This tradition seems to have been
firmly believed in Sicily, and not to have been merely an
invention of the poet, for Dionysius of Halicarnassus (1.53)
states, that Anchises had a sanctuary at Egesta, and the
funeral games celebrated in Sicily in honour of Anchises
seem to have continued down to a late period. (Ov. Fast.
3.543.) According to other traditions Anchises died and was
buried in Italy. (Dionys. A. R. 1.64 ; Strab. v. p.229;
Aurel. Vict. De Orig. Gent. Rom. 10, &c.) A tradition
preserved in Pausanias (8.12.5) states, that Anchises died
in Arcadia, and was buried there by his son at the foot of a
hill, which received from him the name of Anchisia. There
were, however, some other places besides which boasted of
possessing the tomb of Anchises; for some said, that he was
buried on mount Ida, in accordance with the tradition that
he was killed there by Zeus (Eustath. ad Hom. p. 894), and
others, that he was interred in a place on the gulf of
Thermus near the Hellespont. (Conon 46.) According to
Apollodorus (3.12.2), Anchises had by Aphrodite a second
son, Lyrus or Lyrnus, and Homer (Hom. Il. 13.429) calls
Hippodameia the eldest of the daughters of Anchises, but
does not mention her mother's name. An Anchises of Sicyon
occurs in Il. 23.296. - A Dictionary of Greek and Roman
biography and mythology, William Smith, Ed.