Amos in Easton's Bible Dictionary
borne; a burden, one of the twelve minor prophets. He was a
native of Tekota, the modern Tekua, a town about 12
south-east of Bethlehem. He was a man of humble
birth, neither a
"prophet nor a prophet's son," but "an herdman and a
sycomore trees," R.V. He prophesied in the days of
of Judah, and was contemporary with Isaiah and Hosea
7:14, 15; Zech. 14:5), who survived him a few years.
Jeroboam II. the kingdom of Israel rose to the
zenith of its
prosperity; but that was followed by the prevalence
and vice and idolatry. At this period Amos was
called from his
obscurity to remind the people of the law of God's
justice, and to call them to repentance.
The Book of Amos consists of three parts:
(1.) The nations around are summoned to judgment
their sins (1:1-2:3). He quotes Joel 3:16.
(2.) The spiritual condition of Judah, and
Israel, is described (2:4-6:14).
(3.) In 7:1-9:10 are recorded five prophetic
visions. (a) The
first two (7:1-6) refer to judgments against the
(b) The next two (7:7-9; 8:1-3) point out the
ripeness of the
people for the threatened judgements. 7:10-17
consists of a
conversation between the prophet and the priest of
The fifth describes the overthrow and ruin of Israel
to which is added the promise of the restoration of
and its final glory in the Messiah's kingdom.
The style is peculiar in the number of the allusions
natural objects and to agricultural occupations.
show also that Amos was a student of the law as well
as a "child
of nature." These phrases are peculiar to him:
teeth" [i.e., want of bread] (4:6); "The excellency
(6:8; 8:7); "The high places of Isaac" (7:9); "The
Isaac" (7:16); "He that createth the wind" (4:13).