Ahijah in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
a-hi'-ja ('achiyah or 'achiyahu, "brother of Yahweh," "my
brother is Yahweh," "Yah is brother." In the King James
Version the name sometimes appears as Ahiah):
(1) One of the sons of Jerahmeel the great-grandson of Judah
(1 Ch 2:25).
(2) A descendant of Benjamin (1 Ch 8:7).
(3) The son of Ahitub, priest in the time of King Saul (1
Sam 14:3,18). Either he is the same with Ahimelech, who is
mentioned later, or he is the father or brother of
Ahimelech. He is introduced to us when Saul has been so long
on the throne that his son Jonathan is a man grown and a
warrior. He is in attendance upon Saul, evidently as an
official priest, "wearing an ephod." When Saul wishes
direction from God he asks the priest to bring hither the
ark; but then, without waiting for the message, Saul counts
the confusion in the Philistine camp a sufficient indication
of the will of Providence, and hurries off to the attack.
Some copies of the Greek here read "ephod" instead of "ark,"
but the documentary evidence in favor of that reading is far
from decisive. If the Hebrew reading is correct, then the
seclusion of the ark, from the time of its return from
Philistia to the time of David, was not so absolute as many
See AHIMELECH, i.
(4) One of David's mighty men, according to the list in 1 Ch
11:36. The corresponding name in the list in 2 Sam 23:34 is
Eliam the son of Ahithophel the Gilonite.
(5) A Levite of David's time who had charge of certain
treasures connected with the house of God (1 Ch 26:20). The
Greek copies presuppose the slightly different text which
would give in English "and their brethren," instead of
Ahijah. This is accepted by many scholars, and it is at
least more plausible than most of the proposed corrections
of the Hebrew text by the Greek.
(6) Son of Sinsha and brother of Elihoreph (1 Ki 4:3). The
two brothers were scribes of Solomon. Can the scribes Ahijah
and Shemaiah (1 Ch 24:6) be identified with the men of the
same names who, later, were known as distinguished prophets?
Sinsha is probably the same with Shavsha (1 Ch 18:16;
compare 2 Sam 8:17; 20:25), who was scribe under David, the
office in this case descending from father to son.
(7) The distinguished prophet of Shiloh, who was interested
in Jeroboam I. In Solomon's lifetime Ahijah clothed himself
with a new robe, met Jeroboam outside Jerusalem, tore the
robe into twelve pieces, and gave him ten, in token that he
should become king of the ten tribes (1 Ki 11:29-39). Later,
when Jeroboam had proved unfaithful to Yahweh, he sent his
wife to Ahijah to ask in regard to their sick son. The
prophet received her harshly, foretold the death of the son,
and threatened the extermination of the house of Jeroboam (1
Ki 14). The narrative makes the impression that Ahijah was
at this time a very old man (1 Ki 14:4). These incidents are
differently narrated in the long addition at 1 Ki 12:24
found in some of the Greek copies. In that addition the
account of the sick boy precedes that of the rent garment,
and both are placed between the account of Jeroboam's return
from Egypt and that of the secession of the ten tribes, an
order in which it is impossible to think that the events
occurred. Further, this addition attributes the incident of
the rent garment to Shemaiah and not to Ahijah, and says
that Ahijah was 60 years old.
Other notices speak of the fulfillment of the threatening
prophecies spoken by Ahijah (2 Ch 10:15; 1 Ki 12:15; 15:29).
In 2 Ch "the prophecy of Ahijah the Shilonite" is referred
to as a source for the history of Solomon (9:29).
(8) The father of Baasha king of Israel (1 Ki 15:27,33;
21:22; 2 Ki 9:9).
(9) A Levite of Nehemiah's time, who sealed the covenant
(Neh 10:26 the King James Version).