Aelia Capitoiina

Aelia Capitoiina was the name given to Jerusalem in 135 AD by the Emperor Hadrian. After the Roman had destroyed and buried the city they rebuilt a portion of the city and erected a temple to Jupiter on Mount Moriah and forbid access to any Jew to enter Jerusalem. The Emperor Hadrian gave Jerusalem the name "Aelia Capitoiina" and the Moslems retained this name until the time of the Crusades.