Aegyptus in Wikipedia
In Greek mythology, Aegyptus (Greek: Αἴγυπτος, Aígyptos) is
a descendant of the heifer maiden, Io, and the river-god
Nilus, and was a king in Egypt. Aegyptos was the son of
Belus and Achiroe, a naiad daughter of Nile. Aegyptus
fathered fifty sons, who were all but one murdered by the
fifty daughters of Aegyptus' twin brother, Danaus, eponym of
the Danaans, a name for the Mycenaean Greeks. The Aegyptus
of Greek myth is not a genuinely Egyptian figure, but a
figment of Egypt in the European imagination.
A scholium on a line in Euripides, Hecuba 886, reverses
these origins, placing the twin brothers at first in
Argolis, whence Aegyptus was expelled and fled to the land
that was named after him. In the more common version,
Aegyptus commanded that his fifty sons marry the fifty
Danaides, and Danaus with his daughters fled to Argos, ruled
by Pelasgus or by Gelanor, whom Danaus replaced. When
Aegyptus and his sons arrived to take the Danaides, Danaus
relinquished them, to spare the Argives the pain of a
battle; however, he instructed his daughters to kill their
husbands on their wedding night. Forty-nine followed
through, but one, Hypermnestra ("greatly wooed"), refused,
because her husband, Lynceus the "lynx-man", honored her
wish to remain a virgin. Danaus was angry with his
disobedient daughter and threw her to the Argive courts.
Aphrodite intervened and saved her. Lynceus and Hypermnestra
founded the lineage of Argive kings, a Danaan dynasty.
In some versions, Lynceus later slew Danaus as revenge for
the death of his brothers, and the Danaides were punished in
the underworld by being forced to carry water through a jug
with holes, or a sieve, so that the water always leaked out.
The story of Danaus and his daughters, and the reason for
their flight from marriage, provided the theme of Aeschylus'
In the second or third century AD, Antoninus Liberalis
tells of another Aegyptos, who was a young man of Thessaly.
He was the companion of Neophron, but the lover of Timandra,
Neophron's mother; he became the victim of Neophron's
revenge, when Neophron arranged a night-time substitution,
so that Aegyptos committed involuntary incest with his
mother, Bules. Zeus transformed Egyptos and Neophron into
eagles and Timandra into a kite. Many of the transformations
in Antoninus' prose compilation are found nowhere else, and
some may simply be inventions of Antoninus; this story
combines several themes of Hellenistic Romance. The
placement of an Aegyptus in Thessaly is inexplicable. -